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Glossary

Origins of the term lobbying

Lobbying as a concept dates back to 1553, when in the Oxford Dictionary the word lobbying was first included.  At that time it meant the connecting passageways, usually in monasteries.  They opened into doors leading to different rooms, galleries, quiet corners, which became the meeting place for the dwellers of the monastery with interested people of the “outside world.”  Monasteries at that time exerted quite a power beyond the walls of the religious edifice.

The first historically listed date of the a “politicization” of the  term – was 1640, at which time lobby became known as the place around the meeting rooms in the building of the House of Commons of the British Parliament.

Definition of the term lobbying

In a Supreme Court decision United States v. Harris (1954) which established the constitutionality of the act about the federal regulation of lobbying of 1946, lobbying was defined as direct attempts to influence legislation through direct interaction with Congressmen.

O. Liubimov, a representative of Russian constitutionalism, notes that lobbying is a collection of norms which regulate the interaction (participation) of citizens, civic groups, organizations, institutions that specialize in lobbying activities, other matters of legal relations with government administration, in order to achieve influence on the ratification of decisions necessary for lobbyists and for an active protection of their interests.

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