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Definition of the term lobbying

In a Supreme Court decision United States v. Harris (1954) which established the constitutionality of the act about the federal regulation of lobbying of 1946, lobbying was defined as direct attempts to influence legislation through direct interaction with Congressmen.

O. Liubimov, a representative of Russian constitutionalism, notes that lobbying is a collection of norms which regulate the interaction (participation) of citizens, civic groups, organizations, institutions that specialize in lobbying activities, other matters of legal relations with government administration, in order to achieve influence on the ratification of decisions necessary for lobbyists and for an active protection of their interests.

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